By Lewis Herman
This general textual content, now in paperback for the 1st time-- the better half quantity to Foreign Dialects-- American Dialects deals consultant dialects of each significant part of the USA. In every one case, a normal description and heritage of the dialect is given, through an research of vowel and consonant peculiarities, of its person lilt and rhythm, and of its grammar diversifications. There also are lists of the idioms and idiomatic expressions that distinguish each one dialect and workouts utilizing them. American Dialects additionally contains musical inflection charts and diagrams displaying the situation of lips, tongue, and breath.
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Extra info for American Dialects: A Manual for Actors, Directors, and Writers
As in "father;' "alms;' "park;' etc. " It is produced by saying "I\' (see Figure 1) with the mouth in the wider position of"AH" (see Figure 2). Fig. 2 Fig. ' may be used generally for persons living in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It may also be used for people in western New England, in which case the "r" should be sounded, as in "kAArdz" (cards) or "stAArtid" (started). '' The urbanite, living in this same period, however, would generally use ''AA:' In many rural sections, southeast of the Boston area, "AH" may be heard, as in "pAH:k" (park).
Western New Englanders sound the consonant as in "pUHrdiOOs" (produce). When "r" is final in a word and is preceded by a pure vowel sound, it is usually dropped, as in "kAA" (car) and "sU:" (sir). When "r" is final in a word and preceded by a diphthong, it is usually changed to "UH;' as in "flAooUH" (flour) and "mOHuh" (more). When "r" is final in a word and the following word begins with a vowel, a great many New Englanders pronounce the "r" lightly. It acts more as a glide than a full sound. However, for a real "down-East" New England dialect, this linking "r" should not be used, and the pronunciation of final "r" words should be as in "fOHuh AooUHz" (four hours) and "hU: AAm" (her arm).
As in "ask," "staff;' "aunt;' etc. Both ''AH'' and "Ai\' may be used in these words, but the choice of either generally depends on the age and background of the character. ' for the "elite" of the same period. ' variant was generally used by all. This sound was retained by most of the city people until the middle of the nineteenth century. If the character to be portrayed is one of the "common" people, living from about 1850 to the present day, the "Ai\' sound should be used. If, however, the character is one of the older "elite;' the "AH" is preferred.
American Dialects: A Manual for Actors, Directors, and Writers by Lewis Herman