New PDF release: An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for

By A.W. Shearer

This electronic rfile is a magazine article from Futures, released by way of Elsevier in . the item is brought in HTML structure and comes in your Media Library instantly after buy. you could view it with any net browser.
In February 2004, the dept of security published 'An Abrupt weather switch situation and Its Implications for usa nationwide Security.' Written via Peter Schwartz and Doug Randall of consulting company international enterprise community, the examine defined a potential destiny with weather conditions just like these 8200 years in the past and speculated on implications regarding the following availability of nutrition, water, and effort. due to media insurance in regards to the record, which significantly incorporated misconceptions concerning the study's intents, the record can have turn into too politically arguable for cover planners to interact this day and it has it seems that no longer been largely allotted in the administration's nationwide safety team of workers. whatever the document's prestige in the Pentagon, it's of curiosity to many that are actively considering discussions concerning the destiny. widely, as with every scenario-based project, there are questions on how the imaginative and prescient of the long run has been crafted and, for this reason, the way it could top be used to notify a decision-making method. extra narrowly, this actual state of affairs is additionally major for on-going debates concerning the function of environmental elements in issues of nationwide protection. This paper distinguishes among average occasions and human activities to think about a few strengths and weaknesses of Schwartz and Randall's textual content. It additionally makes strategies to enhance destiny efforts to appreciate the relationships among weather switch and nationwide safeguard.

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What’s missing? Columbus’s letter provides just one view of the encounter. We do not have a corresponding account from the native Americans’ perspective nor from anyone else travelling with Columbus. With no corroboration evidence, how reliable is this description? Note: You can use these same questions to analyze visual images. Start by determining who created the image — whether it’s a painting, photograph, sculpture, map, or artifact — and when it was made. Then consider the audience for whom the artist might have intended the work and how viewers might have reacted.

The coldest part of the most recent ice age started about twenty thousand years ago and created a harsh climate in much of Europe for nearly ten thousand years. Hunter-gatherers’ knowledge of how to control fire led to the invention of cooking. This was a crucial innovation because it turned indigestible wild plants, such as grains, into edible and nutritious food. Long-distance trade also began in the Stone Age. When hunter-gatherers encountered other bands, they exchanged things they had made, such as blades and jewelry, as well as natural objects such as flint or seashells.

Before Christ”). E. ), the earlier in history is the year to which it refers. , and so on. The same calculation applies to numbering other time intervals calculated on the decimal system: those of ten years (a decade), of one hundred years (a century), and of one thousand years (a millennium). E. E. E. E. ). E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. E. , and so on. , standing for “of the common era” (or “of the Christian era”). E. , which stands for the Latin phrase anno Domini (“in the year of the Lord”).

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An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security by A.W. Shearer

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