By Rosalie F. Baker
Авторы рассказывают о жизни более чем сорока древних греков - исторических фигурах, чьи достижения в области литературы, математики, политики, философии, науки и военного дела предопределили облик современной цивилизации.Образцы сканов:
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Additional resources for Ancient Greeks: Creating the Classical Tradition
For Pythagoras, the earth was one great body that revolved around a great fire. The reason no one saw the fire was because the earth was flat and humans lived on the side that did not face the fire. The sun, moon, five planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn; the other planets were not known at that time), the earth, and a canopy of stars also revolved around the great fire. According to Pythagoras, these nine spheres (the sun, moon, planets, and great fire) resembled the nine notes in the musical octave.
Most of his 300 or so followers belonged to the aristocratic class and, for them, the philosophy taught at the school became a way of thinking as well as a way of living. Indeed, for many, it was a religion. Both men and women were welcomed to join the religious society headed by Pythagoras. All members had to undergo an initiation ceremony. Each new member had to vow to keep and observe Pythagoras' ideas and principles and to respect and be loyal to the other members of the group. There was one rule, however, that superseded all others.
Once again, the sum of these numbers was 10. Therefore, it was only natural that Pythagoras began to see and express musical notes as numbers. The harmony between notes he expressed as numerical ratios. Using the same reasoning, Pythagoras then described the universe and the planets numerically. For Pythagoras, the earth was one great body that revolved around a great fire. The reason no one saw the fire was because the earth was flat and humans lived on the side that did not face the fire. The sun, moon, five planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn; the other planets were not known at that time), the earth, and a canopy of stars also revolved around the great fire.
Ancient Greeks: Creating the Classical Tradition by Rosalie F. Baker