By Feng Zhou
This e-book studies the improvement of antifouling surfaces and fabrics for either land and marine environments, with an emphasis on marine anti biofouling. It explains the variations and intrinsic dating among antifouling in land and marine environments, that are according to superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity respectively. It covers a variety of subject matters together with biomimetic antifouling and self-cleaning surfaces, grafted polymer brushes and micro/nanostructure surfaces with antifouling homes, in addition to marine anti biofouling. Marine anti biofouling comprises either old biocidal compounds (tributyltin, copper and zinc) and present eco-friendly, non-toxic antifouling ideas. This booklet is meant for these readers who're drawn to greedy the basics and purposes of antifouling.
Feng Zhou is a professor on the kingdom Key Laboratory of strong Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, chinese language Academy of Sciences.
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Additional info for Antifouling Surfaces and Materials: From Land to Marine Environment
Nature 400:507–509 74. Han X, Zhang DY (2008) Study on the micro-replication of shark skin. Sci China Ser E-Tech Sci 51(7):890–896 75. Baum C, Meyer W, Stelzer R, Fleischer LG, Siebers D (2002) Average nanorough skin surface of the pilot whale ( Globicephala melas, Delphinidae): considerations on the self-cleaning abilities based on nanoroughness. Marine Biol 140:653–657 76. Liu MJ, Wang ST, Wei ZX, Song YL, Jiang L (2009) Bioinspired design of a superoleophobic and low adhesive water/solid interface.
At the same time, zwitterionic SAMs, and other hydrophilic materials, tetraglyme, dextran, mannitol, polyamines, peptidomimetic polymers, peptide-based SAMs and synthetic polymers are also studied [20, 36–41]. 1). Surfaces coated with PEG or OEG are generally serving as the preferred materials for preventing bio-adhesion. The PEG-based coatings with antifouling properties have been widely described in the literature [1, 42]. A thin layer of PEG was found to exhibit excellent resistance to proteins in the biological media [19, 43].
Amphiphilic surfaces were achieved by post-modifying the free carboxyl groups of hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) with the hydrophobic trifluoroethylamine (TFEA) to block the hydrophilic carboxyl groups. These coatings exhibited protein resistance property and were against settlement and adhesion of different marine-fouling species, such as marine bacterium ( Cobetia marina), zoospores of the seaweed Ulva linza, and cells of a diatom ( Navicula incerta). Post-functionalized HA with TFEA increased or maintained the performance of the HA coatings, but reduced the performance of chondroitin sulfate .
Antifouling Surfaces and Materials: From Land to Marine Environment by Feng Zhou