By Jeremy Moon, Campbell Sharman
This exam of the six states and self-governing territorial, in addition to nationwide, governments unearths the range and innovation which characterizes the govt and politics of the Australian federation. Chapters through prime students within the box merge info and research for the expert in addition to the final reader. The paintings is a useful resource for reference and instructing to someone all for Australian politics.
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Additional info for Australian Politics and Government: The Commonwealth, The States and The Territories
The party system is a long way Source: 0 25 1961 1955 1951 1972 1966 1946 1940 1934 1929 1925 1919 1914 1910 calculated from the Australian Government and Politics Project database, University of Western Australia. 3 Commonwealth House of Representatives, general elections 1910–2001: vote share of two largest parties (% of first preference vote) 2001 1996 1990 1984 1980 1975 28 G OVERNMENT T HE C OMMONWEALTH 29 from a major realignment, but its operation has become much less predictable than it has been.
In 1975 the Senate, controlled by the opposition, blocked its supply bills. After three weeks of brinkmanship, the governor-general intervened, arguing that a government without supply could not govern. He sacked the government, installed the leader of the opposition and, acting on his advice, called an election that the Liberals won easily (Kelly 1995). In the 1980s a more pragmatic Labor Party emerged. It had learnt the lessons of earlier times, was better disciplined and less ideological. Working with the unions through an economic accord, the Hawke and Keating governments managed to win ﬁve elections in a row, the only time in the century that Labor had managed to win more than two.
Although this system favours the largest party groupings and tends to produce governments with partisan majorities in the House, it can create distortions in the representation of the vote. Parties can win a majority of seats with well short of a majority of votes. And in 1954 Labor won 50 per cent of the primary vote but did not win the election, much of its vote being tied up in large majorities in safe electoral districts. By contrast, in 1989 the Labor Party won less than 40 per cent of the primary vote but won a majority of seats by being the beneﬁciary of the second preferences of minor party voters.