Comparative Hearing: Mammals - download pdf or read online

By Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461227003

ISBN-13: 9781461227007

ISBN-10: 1461276330

ISBN-13: 9781461276333

The Springer guide of Auditory learn offers a chain of comprehen­ sive and artificial stories of the basic themes in smooth auditory study. The volumes are aimed toward all people with pursuits in listening to examine together with complicated graduate scholars, postdoctoral researchers, and scientific investigators. The volumes are meant to introduce new investi­ gators to special points of listening to technology and to assist confirmed inves­ tigators to raised comprehend the elemental theories and information in fields of listening to that they won't generally keep on with heavily. every one quantity is meant to offer a specific subject comprehensively, and every bankruptcy will function a man-made review and advisor to the lit­ erature. As such, the chapters current neither exhaustive info reports nor unique study that has no longer but seemed in peer-reviewed journals. The volumes concentrate on subject matters that experience built an outstanding facts and conceptual beginning instead of on these for which a literature is barely starting to enhance. New learn parts could be coated on a well timed foundation within the sequence as they start to mature. every one quantity within the sequence comprises 5 to 8 great chapters on a selected subject. now and again, the themes might be ones of conventional curiosity for which there's a considerable physique of knowledge and idea, comparable to auditory neuroanatomy (Vol. 1) and neurophysiology (Vol. 2). different volumes within the sequence will take care of themes that have all started to mature extra lately, similar to improvement, plasticity, and computational versions of neural processing.

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The tasks most commonly used with human subjects are those tasks that both give the largest thresholds (least sensitive) and are the most difficult for the nonhuman mammals. Consequently, unless care is taken to compare results with similar stimulus paradigms, the least sensitive measures of human performance are being compared with the most sensitive measures from nonhuman species. In most human psychoacoustics, stimuli are presented using headphones. This enables exact specification of the acoustic characteristics of the stimuli at the eardrum (at least for frequencies up to 4 kHz) by calibrating the headphones using a coupler that has the same volume of air as that normally enclosed between the headphones and the average human eardrum (see Stinson and Lawton 1989).

24 Glenis R. Long • greater horsehoe bat \ 80 80 \ ~ elephant T" m 40 "0 -. T....... \ V. blue monkS , , . ge rb'l I ~~\.... ~ ... 01 / 0.. ,\. / ~ \~ r? , ! ( . • )Y / '-. '~I 'ql 'V , . '. i ! ,? 10 I . '/. ill ~. i \. 1 ci. • I ! 1. Behavioral audiograms from mammals of varying size. The threshold (in dB Sound Pressure Level, SPL) at each frequency varies with the animal's size unless there is specialization of the outer & middle ear. Blue monkey Cercopithecus mitus (open triangles, Brown and Waser 1984).

The similarity between neurophysiological tuning curves and psychoacoustic tuning curves may be misleading. The simultaneous presentation of masker and probe will induce suppression of one signal by the other (as in 2. Psychoacoustics 39 18 18 1-4 12 """' III 10 "V chInchilla ~ :J 0 II 8 \ 8 \ A •• ;; ,\V, .. ,-16. •• -. A,.... V..... -4 rhesus ....... •. -. 'V monkey . ........................... -- --v . • - . 6. Intensity (level) discrimination thresholds (DLI) as a function of the level of the tone above threshold.

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Comparative Hearing: Mammals by Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)


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