By Ronaldo Munck
A wide-ranging severe creation to modern Latin the USA, written in an available and student-friendly type via a widely known authority at the sector. Ronaldo Munck presents a vast advent to old context, modern politics, political economic climate, society and tradition, and of the customers of the continent in a altering global.
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A wide-ranging serious advent to modern Latin the USA, written in an available and student-friendly type through a well known authority at the sector. Ronaldo Munck presents a vast advent to ancient context, modern politics, political economic climate, society and tradition, and of the clients of the continent in a altering global.
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Extra info for Contemporary Latin America (Contemporary States and Societies)
The economic corruption of Stroessner’s Paraguay was matched only by Somoza’s Nicaragua. In the rest of Central America, modest economic growth in the 1960s (in part tied to the development of the Central American Common Market) did not disturb the fundamental pattern of the agro-export economy and social domination by a conservative agrarian oligarchy. In most of the above countries the domestic market was not so central to development in so far as the ‘enclave’ pattern still predominated. Diversification of the economic and social structure was scant and understandable when one considers that the five most important agricultural products accounted for three-quarters of exports in Central 32 Contemporary Latin America America, for example.
State intervention was also decisive in organizing the growing working class into trade unions that controlled workers as much as they mobilized them in support of the government. In some extreme cases, such as oil-rich Venezuela, the state was almost totally responsible for the creation of a national industry, keen to avoid disaster when the wealth of oil would dry up. It should be clear now why we can call this whole historical period one of national-statism. The nation-statist model of socio-economic development emerged under the aegis of a new world power, namely the United States.
The electorate may then turn to charismatic ‘apolitical’ candidates at election time, the myth of the providential saviour becoming stronger at times of economic despair. Chapter 5 turns again to the social patterns of development in Latin America and how different social categories live the economic and political processes outlined in the previous chapters. The particular social relations of the region are critically examined, and the massive impact of urbanization on people’s lives is described and evaluated.
Contemporary Latin America (Contemporary States and Societies) by Ronaldo Munck