Download e-book for kindle: Exploration and Settlement in Colonial Australia by Joel Weston

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In addition, substantial export markets had been developed for Australian wheat, wool, meat, butter and fruit. Efficient use of land became a priority for colonial governments. Many selector blocks were too small to be viable, and at the other end of the scale many large squatter runs failed to utilise their vast areas to maximum advantage. Squatters became a prime target for reformers in the last decades of the 19th century. Two main methods were used to break up the large estates: land taxes and inheritance taxes, better known as death duties.

No one could select more than one block per year, nor could they sell it until one year had passed. New South Wales and South Australian parliaments followed Victoria’s lead. The schemes were exploited by squatters, who paid nominees to A selector outside his select blocks then sell them to the home in Gippsland squatters after the required year. Squatters also adopted a technique known as ‘peacocking’ — securing land with direct water access then blocking other selectors from accessing it. Growth in Queensland When Queensland became a separate colony in 1859, its impoverished government was desperate to generate revenue.

The Philosophical Society of Victoria was founded in 1854, becoming the Royal Society of Victoria five years later. In 1857 it established an Exploration Committee, whose membership consisted of many prominent figures in Victorian government, public service and business. What it lacked was exploring talent. When the Committee sought a leader for the expedition, it opted for a superintendent of police in rural g{x fÖâtààxÜá The term ‘squatter’ was used widely in England to describe a person who occupied a property or land without owning it or paying rent on it.

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Exploration and Settlement in Colonial Australia by Joel Weston


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