By David Marcombe
The most strange contributions to the crusading period was once the belief of the leper knight - a reaction to the scourge of leprosy and the lack of scuffling with males which beset the Latin state within the 12th century. The Order of St Lazarus, which observed the assumption turn into a fact, based institutions throughout Western Europe to supply crucial help for its hospitaller and army vocations. This e-book explores the $64000 contribution of the English department of the order, which by means of 1300 controlled a substantial property from its leader preceptory at Burton Lazars in Leicestershire. Time proved the English Lazarites to be either difficult and tenacious, if now not continually preoccupied with the care of lepers. Following the autumn of Acre in 1291 they persisted a interval of sour inner clash, in basic terms to emerge reformed and reinvigorated within the 15th century. notwithstanding those overdue medieval knights have been very assorted from their twelfth-century predecessors, a few ideologies lingered on, although subtly readapted to the necessities of a brand new age, until eventually the order was once eventually suppressed via Henry VIII in 1544. the trendy refoundation of the order, a charitable establishment, dates from 1962. The publication makes use of either documentary and archaeological facts to supply the 1st ever account of this little-understood crusading order.DAVID MARCOMBE is Director of the Centre for neighborhood historical past, collage of Nottingham.
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Extra info for Leper Knights: The Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, c.1150-1544 (Studies in the History of Medieval Religion)
A Short History’; Bagdonas, Order of St Lazarus, pp. 27–8. 149 E. Casciani, ‘Today’s Knights’, The Scots Magazine (July 1985), pp. 348–54. The three principal divi150 151 152 153 sions in Scotland are the Grand Commandary of Lochore, the Grand Bailiwick of Scotland and the Great Priory of Scotland. com/chivalry/lazarus. ‘The Order of St Lazarus. The Heraldry of the Order’; Bagdonas, Order of St Lazarus, pp. 36–41. htm. ‘St Lazarus Net International’. Ibid, ‘History’. Bagdonas, Order of St Lazarus, p.
127 GRO, Berkeley Castle Muniments, J7/67/02/002/00/00 (MF 1297). 128 Jankrift, Leprose, p. 86. 129 By doing this he was continuing the patronage shown by Louis VII and Louis IX, but it was a significant move in terms of public relations coming, as it did, at the peak of Philip IV’s campaign against the Templars, with whom the Lazarites were traditionally associated. From the king’s point of view it demonstrated that he was not opposed to crusading orders per se and that, when the circumstances were right, he was prepared to work in the laudable tradition of St Louis by supporting them.
And . . 136 However, with the passage of time and the achievement of the religious goals for which they had fought, these attitudes began to mellow, especially when their exploits passed into the pages of romantic literature. 137 Nowhere was this changing image more clearly displayed than among the military orders who, with their emphasis on charity and chastity, came to epitomise many of the burgeoning chivalric values. Even after the fall of Acre the aura of knightly virtues continued to glow, and in the fourteenth century they found a practical outlet in the Crusades of the Teutonic order in Lithuania: ‘The Crusade to the Holy Land in the twelfth century had involved going and winning.
Leper Knights: The Order of St Lazarus of Jerusalem in England, c.1150-1544 (Studies in the History of Medieval Religion) by David Marcombe