By Douglas A. Van Belle
This can be the 1st sustained comparative exam of the significance of media recognition at the provision of financial assistance, suggesting that the inside track media is a vital medium for coverage makers to gauge capability household political pressures and therefore the necessity to be responsive or even anticipatory in addressing difficulties actual or perceived. specific consciousness is paid to the responsiveness of bureaucracies, lengthy held to be one of the such a lot insulated associations of presidency. Cross-national in scope, this publication appears on the usa, the uk, Canada, France and Japan, facilitating a nuanced figuring out of the interplay of overseas and household politics as mediated via the media.
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Additional resources for Media, Bureaucracies and Foreign Aid: A Comparative Analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France and Japan
Given sufficient public dissatisfaction with a bureaucracy, elected officials will find it electorally worthwhile to engage the cumbersome oversight mechanisms and once this process begins it is unlikely that the bureaucracy will escape without suffering at least some political damage or degradation of their position in the domestic competition for resources. Combining this with the central role of the news media in the democratic politics related to foreign policy (Van Belle, 1993) it is expected that bureaucracies should use the news media content as a part of their effort to avoid negative attention and critical scrutiny of their operations and their leadership.
S. case in the theorizing and empirical analysis of aid programs, it is important to keep in mind that the United States is, in many ways, unique among aid donors. S. aid, though high in absolute terms, are proportionally modest in relation to GNP or governmental budget shares. Smaller countries, such as Ireland, donate a far greater portion of their GNP and government budget to aid than the United States. S. budget committed to aid (Diven, 2001). S. The trust and respect for bureaucrats in the French political system, the comical extreme of secrecy of bureaucrats in Britain and the decentralized nature of the Japanese aid bureaucracy are each a striking contrast to the United States.
The domestic political imperatives model has been reasonably successful in connecting the news media with the domestic influences on foreign policy. The initial case studies of international conflicts (Van Belle, 1993, 1998) indicated that foreign policy decision-makers did appear to respond to and attempt to manipulate the media to attain their own political ends. More extensive hypothesis-testing using statistical analyses was frustrated by a difficulty common to the empirical application of foreign policy analysis theories—identifying a set of cases to use for the analysis.
Media, Bureaucracies and Foreign Aid: A Comparative Analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France and Japan by Douglas A. Van Belle