Read e-book online Microbial Food Safety in Animal Agriculture: Current Topics PDF

By Mary E. Torrence, Richard E. Isaacson

ISBN-10: 0470752610

ISBN-13: 9780470752616

ISBN-10: 0813814952

ISBN-13: 9780813814957

In solution to public matters, Microbial nutrients defense in Animal Agriculture: present issues provides well timed info in this sector of accelerating value, giving a huge evaluation of pre-harvest microbial nutrients defense.

Written by way of experts from around the globe, this crucial reference specializes in examine within the components of antimicrobial resistance, threat evaluate, microbial detection equipment and diagnostics, and rising ailments. insurance offers balanced overviews of Federal, undefined, and educational views on key concerns in nutrients defense. particular organisms explored intensive contain:

  • Salmonellaspp.,
  • Campylobacterspp.,
  • Escherichia coli 0157:H7, and
  • Listeria monocytogene.

    No different unmarried resource bargains present info and exact references on concerns in pre-harvest foodstuff defense in creation animal agriculture. Veterinarians, researchers, and meals security pros in academia, executive organisations, and meals animal creation industries will notice this source an important to shielding understanding.

  • Content:
    Chapter 1 U.S. Federal actions, tasks, and study in meals protection (pages 1–10): Mary E. Torrence
    Chapter 2 educational actions in meals security: facilities, Consortia, and projects (pages 11–18): Lee?Ann Jaykus
    Chapter three nutrition Animal actions in meals safeguard (pages 19–26): Peter Cowen, Donald E. Hansen, Charles L. Hofacre, Edward J. Noga, David G. Pyburn and A. Gebreyes Wondwossen
    Chapter four Epidemiology and Ecology of Antibiotic Resistance (pages 27–34): Randall S. Singer
    Chapter five Antimicrobial Susceptibility checking out Methodologies (pages 35–44): David G. White, Patrick F. McDermott and Robert D. Walker
    Chapter 6 Antibiotics: Mode of motion, Mechanisms of Resistance, and move (pages 45–56): Kathleen Keyes, Margie D. Lee and John J. Maurer
    Chapter 7 Regulatory actions of the U.S. nutrients and Drug management Designed to regulate Antimicrobial Resistance in Foodborne Pathogens (pages 57–64): Linda Tollefson, William T. Flynn and Marcia L. Headrick
    Chapter eight Prevention and keep an eye on actions to deal with Antimicrobial Resistance (pages 65–72): Lyle P. Vogel
    Chapter nine The Epidemiology and Ecology of Salmonella in Meat?Producing Animals (pages 73–82): Clifford Wray and Robert H. Davies
    Chapter 10 Salmonella Detection tools (pages 83–88): Carol W. Maddox
    Chapter eleven Genetics and Pathogenesis of Salmonella (pages 89–96): Sheila Patterson and Richard E. Isaacson
    Chapter 12 Foodborne Salmonella Infections (pages 97–108): Wolfgang Rabsch, Craig Altier, Helmut Tschape and Andreas J. Baumler
    Chapter thirteen Molecular Pathobiology and Epidemiology of Egg?Contaminating Salmonella Enterica Serovar Enteritidis (pages 109–122): Jean Guard?Petter, Ernesto Liebana, Tom J. Humphrey and Frieda Jorgensen
    Chapter 14 a number of Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence of Salmonella Enterica Serotype Typhimurium Phage style DT104 (pages 123–130): Steve A. Carlson, Max T. Wu and Timothy S. Frana
    Chapter 15 The Epidemiology of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 (pages 131–142): Jan M. Sargeant and David R. Smith
    Chapter sixteen Detection and analysis of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 in Food?Producing Animals (pages 143–154): Rodney A. Moxley
    Chapter 17 Molecular and inhabitants Genetics of Virulence characteristics in Escherichia Coli O157:H7 (pages 155–166): Andrew Benson
    Chapter 18 Prevention and keep watch over of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 (pages 167–174): Thomas E. Besser, Jeff T. Lejeune, Dan Rice and Dale D. Hancock
    Chapter 19 Epidemiology of Campylobacter Spp. in Animals (pages 175–182): Joh N. B. Kaneene and Rachel Church Potter
    Chapter 20 Detection of Campylobacter (pages 183–194): Qijing Zhang, Teresa Y. Morishita and Orhan Sahin
    Chapter 21 In Vitro and in Vivo types used to review Campylobacter Jejuni Virulence homes (pages 195–210): Michael E. Konkel, Marshall R. Monteville, John D. Klena and Lynn A. Joens
    Chapter 22 Campylobacter: keep an eye on and Prevention (pages 211–220): Diane G. Newell and Helen C. Davison
    Chapter 23 Epidemiology of Listeriosis (pages 221–232): Ynte H. Schukken, Yrjo T. Grohn and Martin Wiedmann
    Chapter 24 Detection and analysis of Listeria and Listeriosis in Animals (pages 233–242): Irene V. Wesley, Monica Borucki, Douglas R. name, David Larson and Linda Schroeder?Tucker
    Chapter 25 Foodborne Outbreaks of Listeriosis and Epidemic?Associated Lineages of Listeria Monocytogenes (pages 243–256): Sophia Kathariou
    Chapter 26 Listeria Monocytogenes (pages 257–266): Scott E. Martin
    Chapter 27 Microbial probability evaluate (pages 267–274): A. S. Ahl, D. M. Byrd and A. Dessai
    Chapter 28 Sampling innovations for Foodborne Pathogens in Animals and Animal items (pages 275–280): M. Salman, B. Wagner and that i. Gardner
    Chapter 29 The Salmonella Enteriditis hazard evaluate (pages 281–292): W. D. Schlosser, E. D. Ebel, B. ok. desire, A. T. Hogue, R. Whiting, R. Morales, R. McDowell and A. Baker
    Chapter 30 Characterizing the chance of Antimicrobial use in foodstuff Animals: Fluoroquinolone? Resistant Campylobacter from intake of bird (pages 293–302): Mary J. Bartholomew, Katherine Hollinger and David Vose
    Chapter 31 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: hazard evaluation and Governmental coverage (pages 303–312): Anne okay. Courtney, Mary Porretta, Joshua T. Cohen, George M. grey, Silvia Kreindel and Daniel L. Gallagher
    Chapter 32 A possibility overview of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 in flooring pork (pages 313–324): E. Ebel, W. Schlosser, ok. Orloski, J. Kause, T. Roberts, C. Narrod, S. Malcolm, M. Coleman and M. Powell
    Chapter 33 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (pages 325–332): William D. Hueston
    Chapter 34 Caliciviruses and different capability Foodborne Viruses (pages 333–350): M. Guo, J. Vinje and L. J. Saif
    Chapter 35 Paratuberculosis: A nutrients protection predicament? (pages 351–358): William P. Shulaw and Alecia Larew?Naugle
    Chapter 36 Toxoplasma Gondii (pages 359–368): Dolores E. Hill and J. P. Dubey
    Chapter 37 Aquaculture and Pre?Harvest foodstuff security (pages 369–396): Jay F. Levine
    Chapter 38 Antimicrobial Residues and Residue Detection in Milk and Dairy items (pages 397–406): Sheila M. Andrew

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    Extra info for Microbial Food Safety in Animal Agriculture: Current Topics

    Example text

    Some of these pathways are discussed in this chapter. The risks of antibiotic resistance and their link to food safety issues are becoming increasingly recognized and addressed, as evidenced by numerous educational campaigns and research funding opportunities. The educational campaigns are diverse and have been directed at many different groups of people. For example, efforts have been targeted at veterinary and medical practitioners through groups such as the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), the American Medical Association (AMA), the Center for Veterinary Medicine at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) by their adoption of judicious use guidelines of antibiotics.

    Within an epidemiological framework, this type of study might assess the prevalence and distribution of specific resistance genes. This type of study might also examine the genetic variability and cellular location of the resistance gene and place this information into an evolutionary framework. For example, Winokur et al. (2001) conducted a study in which the presence of CMY-2, a gene that produces an AmpClike-lactamase that can confer resistance to extendedspectrum cephalosporins, was assessed in Salmonella and E.

    A type of study that would fit in this framework would include an assessment of the factors that influence the likelihood of an individual or a herd possessing bacteria that are either phenotypically resistant or that possess a specific resistance gene. For example, a randomized field trial investigated potential risk factors for the development of penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in early-lactation dairy cows (Osteras et al. 1999). These types of studies are useful in identifying the practices at the animal or herd level that influence the development, acquisition, or maintenance of antibioticresistant bacteria.

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