By Robert L. Bettinger
Orderly Anarchy promises a provocative and cutting edge reexamination of sociopolitical evolution between local American teams in California, a sector identified for its wealth of prehistoric languages, populations, and cultural diversifications. students have tended to stress the improvement of social complexity and inequality to give an explanation for this variety. Robert L. Bettinger argues as a substitute that "orderly anarchy," the emergence of small, self sufficient teams, supplied a very important procedure in social association. Drawing on ethnographic and archaeological info and evolutionary, fiscal, and anthropological idea, he indicates that those small teams devised various recommendations to environmental, technological, and social hindrances to the intensified use of assets. This booklet revises our realizing of the way California grew to become the main densely populated panorama in aboriginal North the USA.
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Extra info for Orderly Anarchy: Sociopolitical Evolution in Aboriginal California (Origins of Human Behavior and Culture, Volume 8)
In modern evolutionary theory, by contrast, the players are blind, unable to see peaks and valleys. They are forced to ﬁnd a route to the next higher peak by trial and error experiments with new traits and trait combinations. These occasionally send some players down into an intervening valley, often to extinction, but occasionally to the foot of a slope leading to a higher peak. The topography of the adaptive landscape largely determines the direction and pace of this evolutionary development.
The systems of maize agriculture that were entirely displaced north of the San Juan River, and substantially displaced south of it, cannot be dismissed as crude and easily susceptible to invasion. They were as sophisticated and highly developed as 4000 years of trials, innovations, and experiments could make them. Multiple strains of maize had been developed by careful selection to tolerate cold and drought, and a variety of alternative organizational solutions had evolved to mobilize labor for ﬁeld improvement and irrigation.
While the ethnographic Owens Valley Paiute (along with the Washo and all other Numic speakers save the Comanche) are conventionally assigned to the Great Basin culture area, they are more closely affiliated socially, economically, ritually, and politically with California. Steward (1938: 233–234, 236, 237, 251, 255–256, 258) long ago recognized Owens Valley as exceptional within the Great Basin, being much more densely settled, on a par with most of California. In contrast to other Great Basin peoples, with their mobile, nonterritorial family bands, the Owens Valley Paiute were organized into classic California-type tribelets of the kind described in Chapters 6 and 7.
Orderly Anarchy: Sociopolitical Evolution in Aboriginal California (Origins of Human Behavior and Culture, Volume 8) by Robert L. Bettinger