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When the Sandinistas withdrew, taking thousands of new recruits with them, the Guard "mopped-up" with 20 ::: O R I G I N S hundreds of summary executions of teenage boys. S. policy. The FSLN'S unexpected strength and support raised the specter of an eventual Sandinista victory unless some sort of "political solution" could replace Somoza with a moderate government. Nicaragua was no longer just a human rights problem. S. government became more urgent. Assistant Secretary of State Todman's obstructionist attitude toward the administration's human rights policy led Carter to replace him in August 1978 with Ambassador Viron P.
Backed council. S. officials that the Provisional Government would inevitably come to power. Washington shifted gears and sought to negotiate terms of transition that would limit the Sandinistas' influence. In this endeavor, the United States had two levers: its ability to control the timing of Somoza's departure, and its willingness to provide economic aid if the new government was acceptable to Washington. In exchange for Somoza's resignation, the Carter administration wanted two moderates added to the Provisional Government's five-member junta and a guarantee that neither Somoza's Liberal Party nor the National Guard would be dismantled.
Trained constabulary, the National Guard. S. Marine commander and the Nicaraguan government. One of Somoza's first achievements was to lure the legendary Sandino to Managua on The Dragons' Teeth of War ::: 13 the pretext of arranging peace, only to have him assassinated. 11 The Somoza dynasty rested upon two pillars: the National Guard, transformed by patronage into the Somozas' personal gendarme; and the support of the United States, ensured by the Somozas' anti-Communism and their ability to maintain order.