By Almer N Blazer, Alton R Pruit
Until eventually the e-book of this quantity, Santana, one of the such a lot wonderful of all Apache chiefs, has been nearly unknown in recorded historical past. identified in his early years because the such a lot crafty and cruel of the Mescalero leaders waging conflict opposed to the Anglo invaders, it truly is ironic that Santana's so much impressive contribution on the topic of making peace instead of battle. Anonymity is frequently the destiny of peacemakers. Santana understood within the 1860s, ahead of so much of his contemporaries, that the possible final results of persisted fight with the white guy used to be the annihilation of his humans. spotting that he will be one of the first to die as punishment for his warlike habit, he disappeared into the mountains for eight years, till the warmth used to be off and the Army's consciousness was once excited about a brand new iteration of struggle chiefs. After his reappearance, he led his fans into peace to avoid their annihilation as a humans and negotiated for them a reservation of their conventional place of birth within the Sacramento mountains of south-central New Mexico.
Santana wanted a pal from whom he might know about the methods of the white international and who could intercede for him with the alien tradition. He stumbled on that good friend in J. H. Blazer, who operated a mill, l. a. Manquina, later to develop into referred to as Blazer's Mill, at the Rio Tularoso at a domain one-half mile downstream from the present-day Mescalero supplier. After their tension-fraught preliminary assembly in past due 1867 or early 1868, the 2 males discovered to love and admire each other and built an abiding friendship that lasted till Santana's demise from pneumonia within the wintry weather of 1877. The manuscript itself comprises either bills of J.H. Blazer's interactions with Santana and outlines of convinced features of Mescalero existence and tradition provided from the adventure of the writer, A.N. Blazer, son of J.H., and from tales informed him through his Mescalero pals, a few of whom have been contemporaries of Santana.
this isn't a tutorial historical past. Any reader awaiting such an account might be dissatisfied. a few of the occasions and conversations similar herein can't be tested simply because they arrive from the stories of people that had no written language (and who, it may be famous, had much better thoughts as a result). what's provided here's a very cogent account, verifiable in lots of very important details, of a striking guy and sure elements of the Mescalero tradition which spawned and formed him.
Santana used to be a outstanding guy for any age or time. spotting his personal obstacles in facing an Anglo juggernaut bent on overwhelming and destroying his tradition and his humans, he used to be capable of step outdoor his cultural background of conflict and conquest and use his remarkable abilities as a tactician, negotiator and chief to discover the way to look after either with at the very least bloodshed. during this age of more and more violent cultural and spiritual conflicts in lots of components of the area, absolutely his tale merits massive attractiveness.
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Extra resources for Santana: War Chief of the Mescalero Apache
If the campaign was continued through the winter, hunting on the plains, where the soldiers were more effective, would be curtailed, and the snows in the mountains would drive the game to the lower levels, leaving the Indians in a state of famine. The Indians were not concerned for their immediate safety, for they had usually been able to avoid the troops, but the soldiers were now less than a score of miles away. A single Indian scout, one of a considerable number who had gone to hunt on the plains, had reached the camp the night before to report the arrival of the troops at Tularosa, and to help them formulate plans.
The Indians, however, were losing ground. Most of them seemed to realize this but were unable to do anything about it. On October 29, 1855, Lieutenant Colonel Dixon Miles at Fort Fillmore wrote: Barranquito made a very pertinent remark to me yesterday, which is so thoughtful and just that I will transcribe it. ” Answer: “Since I formed and signed the treaty, I have had my horses stolen by the Mexicans, bridles and saddles taken off my horses by Mexicans, also blankets and other things—some of them before my face and in disregard of my remonstrance.
By using the formal conventions of fiction, Blazer was able to create a living tableau of daily tribal life as it existed before significant contact with European culture, while presenting the Mescalero’s experience of the troubled history of that period. The history of power and conquest all too often passes for the history of mankind, and this holds true for the history of Indians of the Southwest. Blazer’s version gives the Mescalero a validation which has been long in coming. The research for this book has been most rewarding.
Santana: War Chief of the Mescalero Apache by Almer N Blazer, Alton R Pruit